Falstone lies in west Northumberland and is high and remote. It is now dominated by Kielder Water reservoir and Kielder Forest. Most of the parish is planted with trees, the exceptions being the open water and farmland east of the dam. Here, beyond the dam, lies Falstone village and a number of farms along the side of the North Tyne valley. Other farms and villages, of all ages, now lie submerged beneath the reservoir. Before the reservoir was flooded in the 1980s, a number of sites were excavated and recorded, some showing evidence of human activity from prehistoric times to the medieval and post-medieval period. The name Falstone is thought to come from ‘Fallow-stone’, a dull-coloured yellow or yellowish; or perhaps from the Old English word ‘fag’, meaning variegated or coloured….
Faverdale (County Durham)
Faverdale is a village just to the north-east of Darlington. The earliest remains are a number of probably prehistoric enclosures found during a geophysical survey at West Park. The survey highlighted the location of a possible enclosure in the southernmost area of the evaluation. Other features which may relate to archaeology were noted – possible pits and other undefined features. They are probably of Iron Age date and may be the remains of small fields or possibly even early farmsteads….
Featherstone lies in south-west Northumberland on the edge of the North Pennine hills, close to the border with Cumbria. The landscape is varied, ranging from the moorland of Featherstone and Broomhouse Commons to the wooded valley of the River South Tyne. Featherstone Castle and its parkland lie at the centre of the parish with small villages and outlying farms along the valley sides….
Felton lies in central Northumberland, close to the North Sea coast. The winding River Coquet forms the southern boundary of the parish for six or more kilometres and, to the north, the parish gradually rises towards Swarland and Newton-on-the-Moor. The landscape is one of farmland and old parkland, with traces of medieval fields still surviving in small pockets. The village of Felton gives the parish its name and probably means `field-farm’….
Ferryhill (County Durham)
The village of Ferryhill lies seven miles to the south of Durham on the Old Great North Road (A167). It was a typical Durham mining village, and rows of miner’s houses cover the hilltop. The steep hill leads to a long narrow market place with a Victorian town hall. The Town Hall which was built in 1867 on the site of old cottages provided for the poor and has been used over the years as a library and reading room but today houses the offices of the Town Council….
Finchale (County Durham)
Finchale lies on the northern edge of Durham City, about 4 miles from the city centre, close to the banks of the River Wear. Despite its spelling, it is usually pronounced ‘finkle’. Although it is best known for the beautiful remains of Finchale Priory, its earliest remains date far earlier. A whole series of small flint tools of Mesolithic date have been found at Finchale Banks and Finchale Nab. These are probably the remains of an early hunting camp. It is unlikely that the population of this period has permanent villages. Instead it is thought that they moved across the landscape, hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants. It is likely that this camp, close to the river, was where they fished for salmon and other wild fish….
Fishburn (County Durham)
The small village of Fishburn lies a couple of miles to the north of Sedgefield, and about the same distance to Trimdon. The village itself lies on the small limestone hill to the north of the River Skerne. The river forms the southern boundary of the parish….
The parish of Ford lies in north Northumberland, close to the Scottish border. It has a very rich variety of archaeological an historic sites, with numerous cropmarks, and important monuments and buildings from the prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval periods….
Forest & Frith (County Durham)
The sparse upland landscape of Forest-in-Teesdale and Frith lies above High Force in Upper Teesdale. The parish is mainly moorland spread out between the Tees, to the north, and Lundedale Forest to the south….
Framwellgate Moor (County Durham)
Framwellgate Moor is now a suburb to the north of Durham City, but was once an area of open land to the west of the River Wear. The river was a focus for some of the earliest occupation in this area. A large number of Mesolithic flint tools have been found at Union Hall and Frankland Wood. These early settlers would not have been farmers- they would have moved across the landscape hunting wild animals, gathering wild plants and fishing from the rivers….