Hartington shrunken village (Rothley with Hollinghill)
The name 'Hartington' survives in Hartington Hall at NZ 02298807 and High Hartington at NZ 02538840. There are traces of minor depopulation in the field to the north west of the latter in the area centred NZ 02378852, but these are neither extensive nor coherent. Nothing visible on aerial photographs (RAF 1948). (2)
To the south of the buildings which now comprise Tut Hill and Delf Burn farms are earthworks indicating that Hartington (as the settlement is called on the 1866 Ordnance Survey 6-inch map) was formerly of greater extent. These earthworks take the form of irregular platforms and garths which are in part over-ploughed with broad rig cultivation. It is also worth noting that the boundary separating the townships of Hartington and Hartington Hall, which is also marked on the 1866 6-inch map, survives in the form of a sod cast dyke and can be traced west to east for 300m from NZ 0244 8829 to 0273 8831. Hodgson records that "Hartington is an ancient village on a dry limestone slope, fronting the south, and on the east side of the Elsdon road. Many lines of houses and garden walls show that it was formerly much more extensive than it is at present". The earthworks visible on air photographs correspond to a line of crofts portrayed on the 1728 survey and described in the accompanying schedule (NRO ZWN D2/2; land parcels 82-85). Medieval documents cited by Hodgson refer to both "East" and "West Hertwayton" suggesting that the original settlement was split into two parts during the middle ages. The site was visited on 18th July 2002. (3)
AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION, The Archaeology of the Wallington Estate: an air photographic survey 2002; T Gates
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