East Mellwaters (County Durham)
The earliest remains are probably of Bronze Age date; a small mound may be a burial mound. The remains of a number of early settlements have also been recorded, such as a small prehistoric enclosure. Another enclosure, thought to be Iron Age lies to the south of Sleightolme Beck. Similar examples are known from elsewhere in the eastern area of the Stainmore Pass.
The area has long been mainly an agricultural one. Cropmarks show the remains of an early field system, possibly of prehistoric or medieval date. Many farm buildings still stand, though at least one barn was destroyed during road widening on the A66 in 1991.
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