An early archaeologist or historian of the 17th to 19th centuries. These were usually of the gentry or clergy, such as William Greenwell, (Greenwell, William), who often concentrated upon local areas - sometimes within their own country estates and lands. The techniques of their excavations, though now seen as unsophisticated, often digging straight into the centre of a barrow or cairn, slowly evolved into the archaeological techniques employed today. Societies were set up nationally and locally throughout Britain where antiquarians could discuss or publish their ideas - though the term is still used in the titles of some societies, it need nor reflect the present day attitudes.
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